In Chef, you can use attributes to set up values that you can later use in your recipes. I suspect a majority of these attributes end up in config files. For example, at work, we have added pretty much every value necessary in our config files. The result is that we duplicate our configuration (more or less) as a Ruby hash that gets serialized using ERB templates into the necessary config, which, in this case, is a conf file format. The other thing that happens is that we also set many of these values via environment variables using withenv, which describes this data as YAML.
Essentially, we go from YAML to Ruby to a template to a config file in a known parsable format. The problem is that each time you transition between data formats there is a chance for mistakes. As we all know, humans can make mistakes writing config files. It is worth considering how we could improve the situation.
I imagine a tool that accepts YAML and spits out different config file formats. YAML seems like a good option because it is arguably ubiquitous and provides data structures that programmers like. The tool to spit out a config file would use consistent patterns to output formats like conf files and plugins would need to be written for common tools like databases, web servers, queues, etc.
$ ymlconf --format rsyslog rsyslog_conf.yml > /etc/rsyslog.conf
I’m sure there would be some weirdness for some apps archaic and silly configuration file formats, but I’d hope that 1) the people using these apps understand the archaic file format well enough that 2) translating it to a YAML format wouldn’t be that terrible. For apps that do understand simple conf files, or even better, YAML or JSON or environment variables, things can be a matter of simply writing the files.
What’s more, YAML is resonably programmatic. If you have a list of nodes that need to repeat the same sections over a list of IPs you get when you start up cloud servers, it is trivial to do in a chef recipe. Rather than adding it to a data structure, only to decompose and pass that data to a template, you just append them to a list in a data structure read from YAML.
After using withenv, I think this is another way to greatly reduce the cognitive mapping that is required to constantly go from some driving data (like environment variables) to configuration management system data structures (chef attributes) that are passed to a template languages in order to write config files. Instead it would simply be a matter of running some command and pass it the path or YAML as stdin and be done with it.